Summer and autumn months tend to gather a little more precipitation than the other months, mainly because of the intensity of the rainfall rather than the frequency of rain days (this is especially the case in summer, when lightning is also much more frequent). The late (18th century) introduction of large scale agriculture means that the cuisine is generally known for its many kinds of meats. Since the late 16th century, large polder areas are preserved through elaborate drainage systems that include dikes, canals and pumping stations. This included migrant workers from Turkey and Morocco, as well as migrants from former Dutch colonies, such as Surinam and Indonesia. But when you get away from the capitals to China 's smaller cities, there are plenty of places colder than Harbin . Winters in Marquette are long and cold. According to Eurostat, in 2010 there were 1.8 million foreign-born residents in the Netherlands, corresponding to 11.1% of the total population. The Dutch army was used throughout the Dutch Empire. Amsterdam grew and in the 15th century became the primary trading port in Europe for grain from the Baltic region. The Netherlands national football team is one of the most popular aspects of Dutch sports; especially since the 1970s when one of the greatest footballers of all time, Johan Cruyff, developed Total Football with coach Rinus Michels. Brabantine Gothic originated with the rise of the Duchy of Brabant and spread throughout the Burgundian provinces. Since then, new projects have been periodically started to renovate and renew the Delta Works. Oymyakon is a two-day drive from Yakutsk, the regional capital which has the lowest winter temperatures of any city in the world. , The official language is Dutch, which is spoken by the vast majority of the inhabitants. The Duke of Alba ruthlessly attempted to suppress the Protestant movement in the Netherlands. The HAVO has 5 grades and allows for admission to the HBO.  With a population of 17.4 million people, all living within a total area of roughly 41,800 square kilometres (16,100 sq mi)—of which the land area is 33,500 square kilometres (12,900 sq mi)—the Netherlands is the 12th most densely populated country in the world and the 2nd most densely populated country in the European Union, with a density of 521 per square kilometre (1,350/sq mi). If the power ceases, the town shuts down in about five hours, and the pipes freeze and crack.  On 21 November 2016, there were 3.8 million residents in the Netherlands with at least one foreign-born parent ("migration background"). Based on an aptitude test, the eighth grade teacher's recommendation and the opinion of the pupil's parents or caretakers, a choice is made for one of the three main streams of secondary education. Almost as many kilometres are covered by bicycle as by train. The Netherlands is a country located in Northwestern Europe. Winter temperatures in Oymyakon, Russia, average minus 50 C ( minus 58 F). The end of the dreary cold months might seem close but despite the sunny days, the Netherlands is freezing. , As part of its commitment to environmental sustainability, the Government of the Netherlands initiated a plan to establish over 200 recharging stations for electric vehicles across the country. The capital of the largest # Russian republic # Yakutia (# Sakha, almost the size of # India or two Alaskas) is home to 318 thousand people (2018). Afterward, they established ports in Dutch occupied Malabar, leading to Dutch settlements and trading posts in India. Almost all of the west Netherlands is composed of the Rhine-Meuse river estuary, but human intervention greatly modified the natural processes at work. Think were having a brutal winter? The States General, the confederal government, were seated in The Hague and consisted of representatives from each of the seven provinces. It is bounded by the North Sea in the north and west. Replicas of Dutch buildings can be found in Huis Ten Bosch, Nagasaki, Japan. The Netherlands allowed women's suffrage in 1919, before becoming the world's first country to legalise same-sex marriage in 2001. After the defeat of Napoleon, the Dutch army was transformed into a conscription army. Verhoeven then went on to direct big Hollywood movies like RoboCop (1987), Total Recall (1990) and Basic Instinct (1992), and returned with Dutch film Black Book ("Zwartboek", 2006). Very bike friendly like Amsterdam, Rotterdam boasts several districts for visitors to explore. Spanish troops sacked Maastricht in 1579, killing over 10,000 civilians and thereby ensuring the rebellion continued. Bloemencorso's used to occur in many places in the Netherlands, but in the 21th century, Zundert and Valkenswaard in North-Brabant have taken the lead.  , While Curaçao, Aruba and Sint Maarten have a constituent country status, the Caribbean Netherlands are three islands designated as special municipalities of the Netherlands. When the Dutch royal family was established in 1815, much of its wealth came from Colonial trade. Cakes, such as the Vlaai from Limburg and the Moorkop and Bossche Bol from Brabant, are typical pastries. " A well known more serious source on Dutch etiquette is "Dealing with the Dutch" by Jacob Vossestein: "Dutch egalitarianism is the idea that people are equal, especially from a moral point of view, and accordingly, causes the somewhat ambiguous stance the Dutch have towards hierarchy and status.  The Netherlands ranks among the highest in international indexes of press freedom, economic freedom, human development and quality of life, as well as happiness. Other architectural styles that are common in the Netherlands are Style Louis XIV, Art Nouveau, Rationalism, Neoclassicism The number of sunshine hours is affected by the fact that because of the geographical latitude, the length of the days varies between barely eight hours in December and nearly 17 hours in June. [n] Leiden University has produced leading academics such as Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje, and still has academics who specialise in Indonesian languages and cultures. Cookies are also produced in great number and tend to contain a lot of butter and sugar, like stroopwafel, as well as a filling of some kind, mostly almond, like gevulde koek. Oymyakon, Russia, is the coldest inhabited town on Earth. Notable towns would arise along the Limes Germanicus: Nijmegen and Voorburg. The many finds in Drenthe of rare bronze objects, suggest that it was even a trading centre in the Bronze Age (2000–800 BC). The VVD became the largest party with 31 seats, closely followed by the PvdA with 30 seats. These songs typically have a simple melody and rhythm, and a straightforward structure of verses and choruses. Tennis, gymnastics and golf are the three most widely engaged in individual sports..  These woods were planted on anthropogenic heaths and sand-drifts (overgrazed heaths) (Veluwe). The region is hardly fit for human habitation as it is the coldest, driest and windiest continent in the world. Science, military, and art (especially painting) were among the most acclaimed in the world. It is …  In 1944–45, the First Canadian Army, which included Canadian, British and Polish troops, was responsible for liberating much of the Netherlands. 2 – Verkhoyansk, Russia (Average Temperature: 13.8°f) Wiki Info: Verkhoyansk is a town in Verkhoyansky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Yana River near the Arctic Circle, 57 miles from Batagay, the administrative center of the district, and 419 miles north of Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. Medics say the reason they don't suffer from malnutrition is that there must be lots of micronutrients in their animals' milk. Because the Netherlands and Belgium are both in the Benelux, and more recently in the Schengen Area, citizens of respective countries can travel through these enclaves without controls. Yiddish and the Romani language were recognised in 1996 as non-territorial languages. The Dutch location gives it prime access to markets in the UK and Germany, with the Port of Rotterdam being the largest port in Europe. Ithaca, Fontainebleau and Geneva, UPDATE 2-Dutch gas field earthquake dangers ignored for decades -Safety Board Wed 18 February 2015, By Anthony Deutsch,18 Feb (Reuters), "The Kingdom of the Netherlands further declares that the principles enumerated in Part II of the Charter will be applied to the Lower-Saxon languages used in the Netherlands, and, in accordance with Article 7, paragraph 5, to Yiddish and the Romanes languages. August is warm during the summer season of Amsterdam, Netherlands, with the average high temperatures in the 12.8°C (55°F) to 22.2°C (72°F) zone. The Netherlands is mostly composed of deltaic, coastal and eolian derived sediments during the Pleistocene glacial and interglacial periods. 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